Resettlement is one of the most delicate aspects of managing environmental and social risks in project development. Resettlement goes beyond physical relocation of project-affected persons’ homes. It also entails the continuation of their lives in another location with very minimal impact and or difference from their initial homes and livelihoods except for positive improvement, which is environmentally, socially and culturally acceptable to them. TDL is grounded in providing and has the best service point solutions for resettlement action plans essentially in the delivery of key functions such as:
• Asset Enumeration
Identification and enumeration of project-affected persons’ assets should follow best practices. At TDL, we help our clients identify the requirements and also help physically identify and enumerate ‘unexhausted immovable’ assets belonging to the Project Affected Persons, either individually or collectively. This is done in a culturally sensitive manner, in compliance with local and national laws and international best practices.
• GIS Land Parcel Survey
In land acquisition, the extent of land loss determines the level of land replacement/compensation payable. TDL conducts best practice-compliant land surveys using modern GIS technologies to ascertain land sizes, usage, ownership structure and replacement values with optimal objectivity and precision. At TDL, our GIS approach in parcelling forms a critical component of the enumeration process as it identifies the exact boundaries of parcels belonging to different users. Under this exercise, parcels of land are given a unique identification number which forms the base for the registration of parcels and the owners in a customized GIS geodatabase which reflects land size, position and other important details. Under this exercise, the GPS technology is combined with other conventional survey methods, thus improving the quality of measurements. Using a GPS device, coordinates of parcels are recorded on site and further processed into the geodatabase. The GIS geodatabase enables the project to establish an efficient system for identifying the position of land parcels, sizes of land and land owners.
• Socioeconomic Census
The number of persons affected by the project and the level of their impact varies. This gap is filled by the census of the project affected persons to help ascertain their demography and how they are affected by the project. Surveys are typically undertaken in all affected communities with comprehensive quantitative survey tools which highlights the demography, primary and secondary occupation and other economic profile, access to social services among others. Importantly, our method for census survey allows for the identification of vulnerable groups such as the culturally disadvantaged, economically disadvantaged, the elderly, female-headed households among other categories of vulnerable groups using different parameters. The quantitative survey data is gathered using a Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) method. With CAPI, the enumerator uses a tablet device to move through the interview and record responses. For this CAPI approach, the data collected on site is instantly digitized as it is entered into the tablet device ensuring minimal error.
• Livelihoods and Value Chain Research
A RAP without successful livelihoods restoration programme is a technically failed RAP. That is why at TDL, we strive to develop a participatory livelihoods restoration-planning process to ensure a sustainable and inclusive livelihood programme that would be socially and culturally acceptable to the project-affected persons. Social inclusion has become very crucial aspect of sustainable livelihood restoration because livelihood is as much a social and cultural activity in some instances as much as it is an economic activity. Hence, all the balances have to be maintained. It is the mandate of TDL to ensure that project-affected persons do not see livelihood restoration programme as an alien plan: it should be their plan; a plan they build together with the experts, with their input strongly considered and woven into the plot of the grand design, execution, implementation and management of the programme.
• Establishing Eligibility Criteria & Compensation Matrix
The complexity of making or paying compensations to project-affected persons can be a daunting exercise. TDL is experienced in developing international best practicecompliant eligibility criteria and frameworks towards ensuring flawless compensation processes.
• Monitoring & Evaluation
Monitoring the performance of several projects and programmes that form parts of the RAP implementation is crucial. TDL provides bespoke monitoring and evaluation solutions for projects and programmes in different industries and sectors.
Other management plans developed by TDL to meet client cooperate goals and sustainability include:
Traffic Management Plan (TMP)
At TDL, we develop TMP in a manner that details the way activities in a road corridor will be carried out so they minimise inconvenience and help ensure road users and workers remain as safe as possible.
Emergency Response Plan (EMP)
We develop EMP to establish clear procedures to mobilize and coordinate project resources in all emergency situations.